According to World Health Organization, fasting hyperglycemia — elevated blood sugar levels between meals or impaired glucose tolerance, impaired PLUS 2 or more of the following:

  • High blood pressure = 140/90 mmHg
  • Abdominal obesity (most dangerous type because of proximity of organs)
  • High ratio of the waist to hip > 0.90 (male), > 0.85 (female)
  • Decreased HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol)
  • Elevated triglycerides
  • Yrinary albumin excretion ratio greater then 20 mg/min or albumin, called: “microalbuminuria”
  • Creatinine ratio = 30 mg/

Associated diseases include: fatty liver , polycystic ovarian syndrome , hemochromatosis (iron overload); and acanthosis nigricans (a skin condition featuring dark patches).